RTCS

Education

Return to Common Sense

August 29, 2014

Section: Culture – Education

Education should be a national emphasis item for investments in citizens’ future focused on completion of marketable skill programs, instead of an opportunity to indoctrinate on leftist social reengineering.

Education's purpose is to replace an empty mind with an open one.” Malcolm S. Forbes.

 

Philosophy (Background, Issues, Objectives):

Federal Government has assumed the role of education oversight.

o   National interest requires all children be educated and that all taxpayers contribute.

o   Funding for public education is primarily (95%) at state and local level.

o   Teacher and administrator certification is primarily at the state level.

Education has been proven to boost mobility of children from all economic classes.

·         High school graduation rates have been shown to differ by sex and ethnic group.

·         The greatest single influence on school achievement is family background.

·         The higher the parent’s level of education, the higher the performance scores achieved.

·         College graduation rates have been shown to differ by sex and ethnic group.

·         Adult children from all income levels increase their mobility with a college degree.

·         Adult children with parents from all educational backgrounds increase their mobility with a college degree.

·         Education will continue to have a moderate impact on economic mobility until K-12 schools do a better job on basic and school readiness skills.

The New Left is a collection of cultural Marxists front groups promoting social reengineering.

Pre-school education is a recent leftist initiative with little demonstratable benefits.

o   Two years of pre-kindergarten education would increase education budget by over 10%.

o   Results have shown any pre-kindergarten improvements dissipate by third grade.

o   Real benefit achieved is paid day care for pre-kindergarten age children, and more union teachers.

o   The Department of Health and Human services (HHS) administers the federal agency housing Head Start ($7.3 billion a year)

§  Head Start provides part-time, part-day, part-year care and education to impoverished three- to four-year-olds.

§  Head Start was designed to boost disadvantaged children before they enter elementary school.

§  Head Start has turned out to be more a “jobs program” than an educational or antipoverty one.

§  The cost-per-child is double or triple that of regular daycare ($20,000 per year).

o   Head start has not shown an appreciable long-term difference in the lives of the children it worked with.

o   Head Start did not have a positive impact on 110 of the 112 outcomes that were measured.

o   The Abbott program in New Jersey and the Oklahoma pre-K program have demonstrated success, but were too controlled and not scalable.

o   The conclusion was that Head Start is little more than a federal babysitting program.

K-12 education has received ever increasing funds, but achievement has not improved.

o   Prior to 1960s McGuffey-Reader style curriculum accepted role in defining culture.

o   Our legislators have mandated or approved such miracles of modern education as:

§  Learning how to read without phonics (ironically labeled "whole language" learning);

§  Learning mathematics without addition and subtraction (laughably labeled "new math");

§  Learning mainstream history through the fisheye of the historically disaffected or politically disenfranchised;

§  Learning literature by abandoning luminaries like Shakespeare in favor of "more modern" authors;

§  Learning less civic knowledge than required to pass the U.S. citizenship tests.

§  Dumping students into classrooms in which multiple teachers simultaneously try to teach multiple curriculums to multiple grades of children;[1]

§  Grouping non-English speaking students with students whose knowledge of English is essential to mastering the subject being taught; and,

§  Deserting the historically successful practice of grouping children according to their intellectual abilities so that appropriate teaching strategies and instructional tempos can be used to maximize the student learning experience.

o   Values such as honesty and patriotism were included to help assimilate language, laws, and customs.

o   In 1960s Dewey-Mann revision was used to clarify values and teach situational ethics.

o   Notions of good vs. evil, religion, and tradition have been eroded from curriculum.

o   History has been rewritten as politically correct view of history deemphasizing the pursuit of freedom and justice across the centuries.

o   Multiculturalism and diversity has reshaped curriculum to promote moral equivalence.

o   Incomplete and biased research must does not replace curriculum common sense.

o   Federal funding increased tenfold from 1965 and 2001 and has more than doubled since 1990.

·         Since 1950 public school spending in public elementary and secondary schools has been increasing without corresponding improvement in quality results:

o   Staff hires in the public education sector in recent years have outpaced student enrollment.

§  Student enrollment has increased just 7%, while staff hires have increased 83%.

§   In 1950, more than 70% of instructional staff was comprised of teachers; by 2006, teachers made up just slightly more than 51% of public school staff.

§  Since 1950, administrative support staff increased from 23.8% to 29.9%.

§  Student-teacher ratios have declined from 27.5 students for every one teacher down to 15.5 students for every public school teacher.

§  The average high school student-teacher ratio was just 12:1.

o   A 2002 reform to reduce class size found “no detectable benefit” of the class-size mandate and found that “monies restricted for the purpose of funding class-size reduction mandates are not a productive use of limited educational resources.”

o   By 2011, nearly two-thirds of states have increased oversight of teachers by such means as linking teachers' evaluations to student test results, or linking their pay to performance, or making it harder for them to get tenure.  

§  Nearly half the states, 23 and D.C., to be precise, use student test data to evaluate teaching effectiveness.  

§  Moreover, 14 states allow test data to be used to fire teachers, and 11 states for tenure decisions.

o   Increased funding levels have not delivered increased quality.

§  Inflation-adjusted per pupil spending in public schools has increased from $4,489 in 1970/71 to $10,041 in 2006/07, an increase of 124%.

Ø  Spending in 2006 was 41% higher than the OECD average of $7,283, and yet American students still placed in the bottom quarter in math and bottom third in science among OECD countries.

o   The 2011 Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) scores in reading and writing have hit a new low.

§  The SAT scores show that only 43% of the test-takers had full college-level skill, which is defined as a composite score of 1550 out of 2400. 

§  The SAT report follows an earlier ACT report that showed that only 25% of its exam-takers were college-ready in all major areas.

§  The California State University System (CSUS) found that two-thirds of the 42,700 entering freshmen needed remedial education in English or math (or both).

o   Federal laws prohibit the U.S. Department of Education from prescribing any curriculum,

o   Common Core was actually developed by an organization called Achieve and the National Governors Association, funded by the Gates Foundation by at least $173 million dollars.

o   The states were bribed by $4.35 billion "Race to the Top" dollars if they adopted the standards.

§  Forty-five states and the District of Columbia have signed on.

o   Common Core is not actually about standards, it's about gaining control over the education system in a futile attempt to create a Progressive utopia using the important sounding academic umbrella of "standards."

o   The foundational philosophy of Common Core is to create students ready for social action so they can force a social-justice agenda.

o   Common Core is not about students who actually have a grasp of the intricate facts of a true set of "core knowledge."

o   Common Core is about an obsession with race, class, gender, and sexuality as the forces of history and political identity.

o   Nationalizing education via Common Core is about promoting an agenda of Anti-capitalism, sustainability, white guilt, global citizenship, self-esteem, affective math, and culture sensitive spelling and language.

o   Criticism of Common Core designs revolve around:

§  nationalization (politicization) of education;

§  national standards (intentional “dumbing down”);

§  ingrained propaganda (diversity, “right” thinking, “correct” attitudes – even worse than at present); and

§  deceptive measurement techniques assessing success of political indoctrination more than academic mastery.

·         Since 1983 “A Nation at Risk” there has been little progress in either test scores or graduation rates.

o   National Center for Education reports that public high schools only graduate 75%.

o   Standardized achievement tests still declining (fewer achieve top scores).

o   Increased need for remedial instruction when entering colleges.

o   USA ranks near bottom of industrialized nations on comparisons of math & science.

§  The OECD Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) tests compare countries basic achievement level in reading, science, and math.

§  In 2009 PISA tests, Shanghai, China was first in reading, science, and math.

§  In 2009 PISA tests, Hong Kong, China was third science and math.

§  In 2009 PISA tests, Singapore, China was second in math and fourth in science.

§  In 2009, East Asians (Chinese, Koreans, Japanese) are turning in the top scores in all three PISA test categories, followed by the Europeans, Canadians, Australians and New Zealanders. 

§  In 2009 PISA tests, America ranked 14th in reading, 17th in science, and 25th in math.

o   National Education Association (NEA) is focused on protecting teacher’s pay and conditions.

o   Asian-Americans are notorious for ruining grade curves in schools across the land, and as a result they constitute about 20 percent of students at Harvard College.

o   As for Jews, they have received about one-third of all Nobel Prizes in science received by Americans, and a quarter of Jewish adults in the United States have earned a graduate degree.

o   West Indian blacks, those like Colin Powell whose roots are in the Caribbean, are one-third more likely to graduate from college than African-Americans as a whole, and their median household income is almost one-third higher.

o   These three groups may help debunk the myth of success as a simple product of intrinsic intellect, for they represent three different races and histories.

o   In the debate over nature and nurture, they suggest the importance of improved nurture, which, from a public policy perspective, means a focus on education.

o   The evidence is that there is no genetic contribution to the black-white difference on I.Q.

o   A common thread among these three groups may be an emphasis on diligence or education, perhaps linked in part to an immigrant drive.

o   Jews and Chinese have a particularly strong tradition of respect for scholarship.

§  Jews said to have achieved complete adult male literacy, the better to read the Talmud, some 1,700 years before any other group.

§  The parallel force in China was Confucianism and its reverence for education.

o   Among West Indians, the crucial factors for success seem twofold: the classic diligence and hard work associated with immigrants, and intact families.

o   Some very successful paternalistic institutions have emerged as a highly prescriptive institution that teaches students not just how to think, but also how to act according to what are commonly termed traditional, middle-class values.

o   Some public schools are underperforming, but remain open to deliver compulsory education.

§  Choice should be between public, private, or home schooling.

§  Publicly funded vouchers cost state and local government less than per-pupil expenditures.

o   All school choices are not alike.

§  The two most traditional and popular forms of school choice are private schooling, when a family pays tuition to have their child educated outside of the public system, and “choice by real estate,” when a family buys a house that is zoned for a high quality public school. 

Ø  In 2013, 5.2 million of the nation’s 50 million students will attend private schools.

Ø  When it comes to real estate, according to a Realtor.com survey, over 60% of homebuyers rank school district boundaries as a factor in their home buying decision.

§  Other forms of school choice support families’ choices with public dollars.

Ø  Some public school districts offer intradistrict choices like magnet schools (designed to “attract” students from across a district) or open enrollment plans that allow students to attend any school in the district.

Ø  Others offer interdistrict choice, such as the controversial busing plan currently under debate in St. Louis, which allows students to attend schools in neighboring districts to alleviate segregation concerns or to offer students an escape hatch from failing schools.

§  Charter schools are another form of school choice.

Ø  Charter schools are “carve-outs” in which government funds are reallocated away from public schools, and instead directed towards charter schools.

Ø  Forty three states have enacted charter school laws.

Ø  They include one-building “mom and pop” operations.

Ø  They also include multi-campus systems run by non-profit charter management organizations like the well-known Knowledge Is Power Program (KIPP) schools.

Ø  Other networks are run by for-profit education management organizations, like Edison Learning. Charter schools are authorized by a variety of bodies, from local school districts to mayors to independent state boards to universities and other non-profits.

Ø  In 2013, there are now approximately 5,600 public charter schools enrolling an estimated two million students nationwide.

Ø  In New York City public schools, only 60% of third- through fifth-graders passed the math portion of the state tests, while an amazing 94% of similar Harlem Success students passed.  

Ø  In New York City, only 49% of the city's public-school students passed the language arts potion of the state tests, 78% of the Harlem Success students did.

Ø  In New York City, other charter school chains such as Promise Academies and Democracy Prep Schools have done similarly well

Ø  Ohio’s Educational Choice Scholarships produced “substantial academic improvements” in Ohio’s stubbornly underperforming public schools.

§  Most controversially, school choice also includes vouchers and tuition tax-credits.

Ø  Financial alternatives allow families to use public dollars in order to send their children to private schools or provide tax credits to individuals or corporations that make donations to organizations that grant scholarships to students.

Ø  It also includes innovative new models like Louisiana’s “course choice” program, which allows students to take a portion of their school funding to go to outside providers for individual classes and Arizona’s Education Savings Account program, which creates a Health Savings Account-like restricted use fund that families can use to pay for education.

·         ESAs redirect a portion of the funding the state would have spent on a child in the public-school system to an education savings account.

·         Parents can use the money to pay for a variety of educational options including private-school tuition, private tutoring, special education services, homeschooling expenses, textbooks, and virtual education, enabling them to customize an education for their child’s unique needs.

·         Parents may also roll over funds from year to year, and they can use the money to invest in a 529 plan to pay for college tuition in the future.

Ø  Education voucher programs give parents the tax funds that otherwise would have been used for public school systems, and allows them to spend it on qualified ways of alternative providers.

·         In 2011, Douglas County in Colorado adopted the country's largest single-district voucher system.

·         In 2011, Indiana introduced the country's largest statewide voucher system.  

·         Arizona, Florida, North Carolina, and Ohio also introduced or expanded voucher or tax credit programs.

·         The Milwaukee voucher program showed 8% higher rate of graduation among voucher students than among voucher applicants who went to public school.

·         Washington DC has five years of positive experience with school vouchers, until it was killed in 2011.

·         Tennessee, North Carolina, and Texas are proposing a statewide school voucher program, like those of Louisiana and Indiana.

Ø  Six states now have state or district funded scholarship programs.

Ø  Education Savings Accounts (ESA) empowers parents with the ability to fully customize their child’s education (School Choice 2.0).

·         In 2011, Arizona authorized Empowerment Scholarship Accounts.

·         In 2014, Florida authorized Personal Learning Scholarship Accounts.

·         With an ESA, 90% of the state unding that would have been spent on their child in public school is placed in a restricted savings account for parents to use toward a variety of approved education services and products, including private tuition, private tutoring, curricula, textbooks, individual school courses, and education therapies.

·         Parents can evn roll over unused funds into college savings accounts.

·         The Chilean national voucher program started in 1973.  

o   By 1979, 12% of Chilean K-12 students went to voucher private schools, and another 7% went to unsubsidized (i.e., purely tuition-based) private schools -- typically very elite prep schools.  

o   By 1990, 32% of Chilean K-12 students went to private voucher schools.  

o   By 2009, 48% of them were in private schools, with 7% still opting for the unsubsidized private schools.

o   Chile's experience is that even with the adoption of a national system of vouchers, one that increased the number of private schools enormously, private schools that wished to stay wholly separate easily did so.

§  Of the private voucher schools, about 70% are single independent private schools, and about 30% of them are chains.  

§  Of the private-school chains, almost half comprise four or fewer schools.  

§  Of the chain schools, about 42% are for-profit institutions, and 58% non-profit (typically religious ones, or ones run by non-denominational foundations).

o   Students at private voucher chains outperform those at independent voucher private schools.  

o   There was virtually no significant difference between public schools and private voucher schools, when you hold gender, parental educational and income level, and other such factors constant.  

§  When you empower parents and children to go to private schools, it forces the public schools to improve their services to match the new competition.

o   The movement has spawned a wealth of experiments: CTE high schools, "early college" high schools, new investment in community colleges, industry-driven craft training, career mentoring, internships, apprenticeships and more.

o   There's only one standard that counts and one way for CTEs to compete with college: a reliable route to a highly skilled, well-paying job!

o   Employers facing shortages can do well by doing good, partnering with educators to set standards and design curriculum, since they know better than educators what skills are needed in the workplace.

o   Some employers are stepping up.

§  P-TECH is a partnership between IBM and the New York City public schools.

§  Several brand-name restaurant chains (Darden, Brinker and Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen) sponsor training in culinary arts and restaurant management through the National Restaurant Association's ProStart program. 

§  Lockheed Martin, Boeing, Siemens, PricewaterhouseCoopers, and Kaiser Permanente among others, partner with stellar CTE programs.

o   The key ingredient of the most effective CTE programs is on-the-job training combined with classroom learning, sometimes called apprenticeship, dual training or craft training, but it can be expensive and difficult to structure and maintain.

o   Parents whose children attend a failing school can insist the school’s board implement one of several reform options.

o   Reform options include converting the school to a charter, closing it, or replacing most of the staff.

o   Teaching has become the college refuge for average students to get a respectable job with the least knowledge, skill, or work.

o   Full-fledged qualification usually includes: a master’s degree from an education college, certification, and completion of three years’ probationary teaching.

o   While most teachers improve in their first three years (and then plateau), the evaluations during probation are seldom more than a rubber stamp.

o   Once past probation, a teacher typically receives tenure, virtually, a job for life.

o   In many school districts it is virtually impossible to fire a tenured teacher.

·         Number of children being home schooled is increasing as a reaction to underperforming public schools.

o   As many as 2 million students are being educated at home in the U.S.

o   Families cite common reasons for choosing to homeschool their children, such as:

§  Concern about the environment at other schools

§  Dissatisfaction with the academic instruction at other schools

§  Prefer­ence for providing religious and moral instruction not provided in traditional schools.

o   Evaluations of homeschooled students have reported that these students perform well in that academic environment.

·         A new generation of social entrepreneurs has begun to transform public education with innovative solutions that have extraordinary potential to serve American students more effectively and efficiently.

o   Programs like Teach For America (TFA), College Summit, New Leaders for New Schools (NLNS), the Knowledge is Power Program (KIPP), among others, are part of a growing movement to use new methods to deliver a higher-quality education to every student, particularly those from disadvantaged backgrounds.

o   These innovators have challenged our understanding of "business as usual" in American public education by introducing new philosophies, methods, and expectations for the education of our nation's students.

o   The 2009 American Recovery and Reinvestment Act has emphasized entrepreneurship in education, primarily through a $650 million "innovation fund" designed to allow non-profits with a record of increasing student achievement to scale-up their initiatives.

o   Value-added analysis assesses teacher quality of teacher independent influence on student proficiency while accounting for advantages and disadvantages that students bring into the classroom.

·         In 2010, the OECD compared education achievement between countries.

o   The U.S. ranked 14th in reading skills.

o   The U.S. ranked 17th in science skills.

o   The U.S. ranked 25th in mathematics skills.

o   The U.S. ranked behind all developed countries.

Higher (post secondary) education has been taken over by leftist faculty.

o   Higher Education Act Title VI subsidizes development of language skills to source government workers.

o   College tuition has more than doubled between 1986 and 2002.

o   CBO found financing higher education is not major obstacle for low income families.

o   More than half of full-time undergraduates attending four year colleges receive aid.

o   Application is by personal choice, and popular schools can be very selective.

o   58.5% of professors said it was important to mold students into agents of social change.

o   55.5% made it a priority to "instill in students a commitment to community service."

o   Helping students "develop personal values" was cited as an important goal by 66.1% in the latest survey.

o   More than 70% saw developing "moral character" as a key part of their job.

o   “Studies” (Womens, Gay, Environmental, Peace, Chicano, Film, etc.) curriculum indoctrinates students about perceived pathologies in contemporary American culture.

o   Diversity of backgrounds has not resulted in diversity of views.

o   Diversity is moral relativism masquerading as virtue.

o   Doctrine of diversity supports anti-Americanism rampant on college campuses.

o   A handful of conservative student organizations have sprung up to counter liberal grip on campus.

·         Community colleges are under-achieving with graduation rates pathetically low.  

o   National average of 22% of full-time students attending for the first time graduate in three years!  

o   Half of the students drop out in the first six months alone.  

o   California has a wretched rate of retention and graduation at our massive community college system (the biggest in the nation).  

o   A root cause of this poor record is the central role our incredibly dysfunctional K-12 school system, since basic skills unlearned at the time when they should can never keep up with college level work -- not even the very low-level college work found in the average public community college.

o   Median earnings for those with a degree in metallurgy and petroleum engineering range from $80,000 to $120,000.  

o   Petroleum Engineering: 87% male

o   Pharmacy Pharmaceutical Sciences and Administration: 48% male

o   Mathematics and Computer Science: 67% male

o   Aerospace Engineering: 88% male

o   Chemical Engineering: 72% male

o   Electrical Engineering: 89% male

o   Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering: 97% male

o   Mechanical Engineering: 90% male

o   Metallurgical Engineering: 83% male

o   Mining and Mineral Engineering: 90% male

o   Median earnings for careers in early childhood education and social work range from $36,000 to $39,000. 

o   Psychology: 74% female

o   Early Childhood Education: 97% female

o   Theology and Religious Vocations: 34% female

o   Human Services and Community Organization: 81% female

o   Social Work: 88% female

o   Drama and Theater Arts: 60% female

o   Studio Arts: 66% female

o   Communication Disorders Sciences and Services: 94% female

o   Visual and Performing Arts: 77% female

o   Health and Medical Preparatory Programs: 55% female

o   American colleges graduate only about a half of their students in six years.

o   College students can be classified into two broad camps:

§  The “studious” attend to increase earning potential and study diligently, often in vocational fields like law, medicine, engineering, or accounting.

§  The “typical” attend to enjoy themselves and delay finding employment, often stumbling through alcohol-fueled semesters studying dubious topics of limited vocational  value.

Ø  Fastest growing majors are gender studies, communications studies, visual and performing arts, and fitness studies.

Ø  About a third of all entering students never achieve a Bachelors degree.

o   Tenured professors teach less and less classes, and focus on research.

o   Higher education is reluctant to assess results to improve performance.

o   Grade inflation has masked “dumbing down” of curriculum.

o   Selected minorities were given preference in admissions.

o   Non selected minorities, such as Asians, were denied admission despite qualifications.

o   Admitted minorities tended to underachieve or not graduate.

o   In Texas, ten colleges have signed on, while in Florida, twelve colleges either have developed proposals or are in the process of doing so.

o   Texas A&M University–San Antonio is offering a program under which students first take college-level classes in high school, then attend community college for a year, and finally complete their degrees by attending A&M–San Antonio for the last year.

o   University of Texas of the Permian Basin has launched a program that will cost $10,000 with all courses being taught at the university.

o   One significant limitation is that so far, the $10,000 programs cover only a few majors: math, chemistry, geology, computer science, and information systems.

 

Principles:

Successful schools do things differently than unsuccessful schools:

o   Education is not a tool of social change or political indoctrination.

School districts embracing systemic change should:

Systemic change lessons learned included:

Successful cost-cutting requires satisfying three conditions:

Measure of success must be set by receiving stakeholders (parents and potential employers).

A successful teacher evaluation system must include several key elements:

o    Prioritize the quality of teaching—not “teacher quality.” 

o    Use multiple measures for multiple criteria. 

o    Use value-added scores wisely as indicators of success. 

o    Improve existing observation instruments capable of handling higher-inference judgments about teaching quality. 

o    Worry less about the observation instrument and more about the observation system.

o    Customize to maximize decision-making power to focus on at-risk teachers. 

o    Align, align, align with conflicting messages. 

o   Embed learning opportunities in the system. 

New Orleans rebuilt schools demonstrated basic principles that work:

 

Recommendations:

Short term, Return education requirements to the education consumers.

Empower business to reengineer education to work with accountability and competition.

Pass primary and secondary education responsibility back to the local authorities.

o   Provide world class standards for rigor in levels of accomplishment, particularly in math and science.

o   Re-emphasize history and civics to ground citizens in national heritage.

o   Stop aggregating results by race, and concentrate on individual students of all races.

o   Consider use of value-added analysis as part of teacher performance.

o   Free state and local governments from the administrative and compliance burden of federal education programs.

o   Allow states to consolidate wasteful and inefficient programs (A-PLUS).

Revamp primary and secondary education curriculum to better prepare teachers.

o   Require a strict core curriculum of basic math, science, and social studies for graduation.

o   Include enhanced certification requirements as bachelor’s degree requirement.

§  Include GRE scores as part of primary school certification requirement.

o   Increase the academic rigor required in education graduate schools.

o   Include enhanced certification training as masters degree requirement.

o   Compensate secondary school teachers higher commensurate with their higher education requirements.

Eliminate competitive block grant programs allowing states to pursue own solutions and experiments ($2.0B).

Replace college degrees with occupational certifications, administered by objective third party.

o   Require work samples to certify journeymen and master craftsmen.

o   Allow ability to sue for ideological bigotry and nonperformance of mission.

o   Reject new college cost reduction program as an unfunded entitlement.

Long term, Privatize public education and abolish the Department of Education.

o   Reject Common Core State Standards as federal intrusion in state and local control of curriculum.

o   Repeal federal government role in education content and student loans ($26B).

o   Allow states to set their own standards on content and achievement.

§  Emphasize math and science to maintain international competitiveness.

§  Emphasize history and civics to ground citizens in national heritage.

§  Remove cultural indoctrination, sex education, situation ethics from public school curriculum.

o   States should redirect a portion of the education funding to a personal education savings account.

§  Fund can be used to pay for a variety of educational options including private-school tuition, private tutoring, special education services, homeschooling expenses, textbooks, and virtual education, enabling them to customize an education for their child’s unique needs.

§  Parents may also roll over funds from year to year, and they can use the money to invest in a 529 plan to pay for college tuition in the future.

§  Parents can redirect funds for use at any government-approved vocational school, internship, or union or business apprenticeship.

Ø  Encourage creation of vocational trade schools to provide training and apprenticeship opportunities.

o   Hold principals accountable for their school’s performance.

§  Require annual assessment of all teachers in each school.

§  Empower principal with hire and fire responsibility.

o   Empower parents to select teachers based on prior performance.

o   Measure performance based on class composition and student performance

§  Indicator based on standard testing results.

§  Contributor for readiness to enter the private work force.

§  Contributor for readiness to enter the higher education.

o   Tie salary to student performance and education contributions.

o   Empower each professor to choose which courses to teach each semester.

o   Measure performance based on enrollment and student achievement.

§  Empower professors to hire individual teaching assistants.

§  Require a fixed grading curve to avoid grade inflation.

§  Contributor to organization reputation.

o   Tie salary to number of student taught plus tuition based performance bonus.

 

References:

“Academically adrift” by Richard Arum and Josipa Roksa published by The University of Chicago Press, 2011.

Is College Worth It?” by William J. Bennett and David Wilezol published by Thomas Nelson, 2013.

Accuracy in Academia documents political bias in education at http://www.academia.org

Just say ‘no’ to ‘modern sex-ed” by Rebecca Hagelin dated September 9, 2003 published by World Net Daily at http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=34493 .

School Choice is the Best Investment” by Mitchell Pearlstein dated January 7, 2004 published on Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=11619 .

Representation of Political Perspectives in Law and Journalism Faculties” by David Horowitz and Joseph Light dated October 2005 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemag.com/media/pdf/journalismandlawschoolstudytwo.pdf .

Let’s Get Rid of Public Schools” by David Gelernter dated May 13, 2005 published by American Enterprise Institute at http://www.aei.org/publications/pubID.18900,filter.all/pub_detail.asp .

The Left University” by James Piereson dated September 27, 2005 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=19616 .

“Academia’s Failing Grade” a report by the American Council of Trustees and Alumni dated December 14, 2005 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=20540 .

School Choice Will Destroy the Public Schools – Maybe That’s A Good Thing” by Joel Turtel dated January 1, 2006 published by American Daily at http://www.americandaily.com/article/10986 .

Grade Inflation at American Colleges and Universities” dated March 17, 2006 published by http://gradeinflation.com/ .

 The X Factor: What makes a school successful?”  by Goldwater Institute dated April 18, 2006 published on American Daily at http://americandaily.com/article/13101 .

Answer to NCLB Failure is School Choice” by Neal McCluskey dated May 24, 2006 published by Cato Institute on http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=6403 .

Education Myths” by Jay Greene dated June 23, 2006 published by The American Enterprise on http://www.taemag.com/issues/articleID.19233/article_detail.asp .

NEA to Challenge ‘No Child Left Behind’” dated July 3, 2006 published by News Max at http://www.newsmax.com/archives/ic/2006/7/3/202424.shtml?s=tn .

NEA keeps tilting to the left” by Phyllis Schlafly dated July 25, 2006 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/PhyllisSchlafly/2006/07/25/nea_keeps_tilting_to_the_left

Why Don’t Bad Public Schools Go Out of Business” by Joel Turtel dated August 5, 2006 published by American Daily from http://www.newswithviews.com/Turtel/joel23.htm .

Schools need competition now” by John Stossel dated August 30, 2006 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/JohnStossel/2006/08/30/schools_need_competition_now .

As Goes Harvard…” by Donald Kagan dated September 2006 published by Commentary Magazine on http://www.commentarymagazine.com/Summaries/V122I2P34-1.htm .

The Moral Failure of College” by Bruce Walker dated September 6, 2006 published by Conservative Truth at http://www.conservativetruth.org/article.php?id=3551&PHPSESSID=8bc656152467a521832f36a0cab5b40b .

Pouting Progressives” by John McCormack dated September 25, 2006 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=YTQ5Njc3ODA4MjRiNmYwNWEwY2E3NmFhYjdjMTExM2Q= .

All Aboard the Charters?” by Chester E. Finn Jr. dated September 27, 2006 published by National Review Online at http://nrd.nationalreview.com/article/?q=NGY0NmZmNzVmMmI5MDc5ODVlZmYxYTBmOTFmMDdmYmY= .

Localize Public Education” by Bill Steigerwald dated October 3, 2006 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=24716 .

Strange New Love for ‘The Blob’” by Andrew J. Coulson dated October 11, 2006 published by The American Spectator at http://www.spectator.org/dsp_article.asp?art_id=10473 .

Marxist Subversion and Perversion of America’s Youth” by Linda Kimball dated October 10, 2006 published by American Daily at http://americandaily.com/article/15982 .

Restoring Federalism in Education: The Charter State Option” by Dan Lips dated October 23, 2006 published by Education News at http://www.ednews.org/articles/3098/1/Restoring-Federalism-in-Education-The-Charter-State-Option/Page1.html .

Federal Rules Back Single-Sex Public Education” by Diana Jean Schemo dated October 25, 2006 published by New York Times at http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/25/education/25gender.html?ex=1319428800&en=768538a9c6994212&ei=5090&partner=rssuserland&emc=rss .

The Real Economic Challenge of the 21st Century” by David Strom dated October 26, 2006 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/DavidStrom/2006/10/26/the_real_economic_challenge_of_the_21st_century&Comments=true .

The Education Revolution America Needs” by Eugene Hickok dated October 27, 2006 published by Washington Post at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/26/AR2006102601303.html .

Dastardly Diversity” by Tom Brewton dated October 30, 2006 published by American Daily at www.americandaily.com/article/16246 .

Like it or not, public schools define American culture” by Phyllis Schlafly dated November 14, 2006 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/PhyllisSchlafly/2006/11/14/like_it_or_not,_public_schools_define_american_culture .

How Public-School Socialists Brainwash Children & Destroy America” by Joel Turtel dated December 8, 2006 published by AeonWeb at http://aeonweb.com/more.php?id=260_0_1_0_M .

Surprise – Public School Class Size Doesn’t Matter” by Joel Turtel dated December 8, 2006 published by American Daily at http://www.americandaily.com/article/16718 .

15 Ways Public Schools Can Harm Your Kids and Violate your God-given Parental Rights” by Joel Turtel dated December 13, 2006 published by American Daily at http://www.americandaily.com/article/16774 .

Still a Nation at Risk” dated December 15, 2006 published by Boston Globe at http://www.boston.com/news/globe/editorial_opinion/editorials/articles/2006/12/15/still_a_nation_at_risk/ .

A Better Answer for Education: Reviving State and Local Policymaking Authority” by John Cornyn and Jim DeMint dated January 8, 2007 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Education/hl994.cfm .

Myths of the Teachers Unions” by Jay Greene dated January 9, 2007 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=26346 .

Sumo Nonsense” by Thomas Sowell dated January 10, 2007 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=OGNlMTk1YmRmYzVjYjU1OGRhZGEzZjc4ZWZiZDNkNDA= .

Why Don’t Politically Correct Professors Teach English and American Literature?” by Elizabeth Kantor dated January 12, 2007 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Education/hl1013.cfm .

Intelligence in the Classroom” by Charles Murray dated January 16, 2007 published by The Wall Street Journal Opinion Journal at http://www.opinionjournal.com/extra/?id=110009531 .

The Secret Irony of Education Reform” by Walt Gardner dated January 23, 2007 published by American at http://www.american.com/archive/2007/january-0107/the-secret-irony-of-education-reform/ .

Three Paths on Education Reform” by Dan Lips dated January 23, 2007 published by Human Events Online at http://www.humanevents.com/article.php?id=19083 .

Marc Tucker re-emerges to present a warmed-over plan” by Phyllis Schlafly dated January 23, 2007 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/PhyllisSchlafly/2007/01/23/marc_tucker_re-emerges_to_present_a_warmed-over_plan .

Who Needs Brains?” by Paul Chesser dated January 25, 2007 published by American Spectator at http://www.spectator.org/dsp_article.asp?art_id=10922 .

Gliberalism” by Ruth R. Wisse dated January 28, 2007 published by Wall Street Journal Opinion Journal at http://www.opinionjournal.com/editorial/feature.html?id=110009589 .

Mental Health Screening: New Liberal Tool for Child Control” by Phyllis Schlafly dated January 30, 2007 published by Human Events Online at http://www.humanevents.com/article.php?id=19188 .

“$34.06 an Hour” by Jay P. Greene and Marcus A. Winters dated February 2, 2007 published by Wall Street Journal Opinion Journal at http://www.opinionjournal.com/editorial/feature.html?id=110009612 .

Public School Bonanza” by Joel Turtel dated February 5, 2007 published by American Daily at http://www.americandaily.com/article/17555 .

A Study in Partisanship” by Jacob Laksin dated February 8, 2007 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=26844 .

 Local Success, Federal Failure” by Elizabeth Weiss Green dated February 25, 2007 published by US News and World Report at http://www.usnews.com/usnews/news/articles/070225/5standards_print.htm .

Educational Freedom in the Wake of No Child Left Behind” by Bob Schaffer and Peter Hoekstra dated February 28, 2007 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Education/hl1016.cfm .

Learning to Let Go” by Jim DeMint dated March 15, 2007 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=MDk0NDAwZjE5NmI3YTRhZGQzMjEzN2M4YzI3OTQ5ZDY= .

Status quo must go” dated March 16, 2007 published by San Diego Union Tribune at http://www.signonsandiego.com/uniontrib/20070316/news_lz1ed16top.html .

A Better Alternative to No Child Left Behind: A-Plus” by Tim Walberg dated April 3, 2007 published by Human Events Online at http://www.humanevents.com/article.php?id=20078 .

Fund the Child: A Better Way to Help Disadvantaged Students” by Dan Lips dated April 10, 2007 published by Human Events Online at http://www.humanevents.com/article.php?id=20171 .

A State Perspective on the Past and Future of No Child Left Behind” by Tom Horne dated April 24, 2007 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Education/hl1023.cfm .

Teaching for ‘Social Justice’” by Sol Stern dated 2007 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemag.com/media/pdf/SocialJustice.pdf .

 College Censorship” by John Leo dated May 8, 2007 published by New York Sun at http://daily.nysun.com/Repository/ml.asp?Ref=TllTLzIwMDcvMDUvMDIjQXIwMTAwMA==&Mode=HTML&Locale=english-skin-custom .

Choices That Are Changing Lives in D.C.” by Fred Hiatt dated May 21, 2007 published by Washington Post at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/05/20/AR2007052001081.html?hpid=opinionsbox2 .

HillaryCare for Tots” by Nicole Gelinas dated May 25, 2007 published by City Journal at http://www.city-journal.org/html/eon2007-05-25ng.html .

Education School Blues” by Mathew Ladner dated May 30, 2007 published by American Daily at http://www.americandaily.com/article/19019 .

Why diversity doesn’t matter” by Dinesh D’Souza dated June 4, 2007 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/DineshDSouza/2007/06/04/why_diversity_doesnt_matter .

Do away with public schools” by Jonah Goldberg dated June 12, 2007 published by LA Times at http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/la-oe-goldberg12jun12,0,4683079.column?coll=la-opinion-rightrail .

Don’t Blame the Teachers” by Diane Ravitch dated June 14, 2007 published by The New York Sun at http://www.nysun.com/article/56557 .

Reforming No Child Left Behind by Allowing States to Opt Out: An A-PLUS for Federalism” by Dan Lips dated June 19, 2007 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Education/bg2044.cfm .

Education Policy: Lesson Learned?” by Rebecca Hagelin dated June 22, 2007 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/RebeccaHagelin/2007/06/22/education_policy_lesson_learned .

Technophobia Serves the Status Quo” dated June 25, 2007 published by American Daily at http://www.americandaily.com/article/19358 .

Eradicating White Guilt” by Michael J. Petrilli dated June 28, 2007 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=N2M2M2ZhNWI3MTJkODA1NGNmY2FhYmQ0NjBiZmE4ZmQ= .

Our National Alienation & Amnesia” by William J. Bennett dated June 29, 2007 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=NmY5NzFkZDdiMDM1NzNjM2IzNTcyODY4OWIzNjVhYzg= .

Time to Move Beyond Race-Based Plans” by Ruben Navarrette dated July 4, 2007 published by Real Clear Politics at http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2007/07/time_to_move_beyond_racebased.html .

No Need to Assign Schools by Race” by Armstrong Williams dated July 6, 2007 published by Human Events Online at http://www.humanevents.com/article.php?id=21428 .

Blissfully Uneducated” by Victor David Hanson dated July/August 2007 published by American Magazine at http://www.american.com/archive/2007/july-august-magazine-contents/blissfully-uneducated .

“College Bill Adds to Entitlement Burden” by John Boehner dated July 12, 2007 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/JohnBoehner/2007/07/12/college_bill_adds_to_entitlement_burden .

Abolish the SAT” by Charles Murray dated July 13, 2007 published by American Magazine at http://www.american.com/archive/2007/july-august-magazine-contents/abolish-the-sat .

No Hesitations” by Caren Chesler dated July 16, 2007 published by American Magazine at http://www.american.com/archive/2007/july-august-magazine-contents/no-hesitations .

“Biz Ed” by Frederick M. Hess dated July 17, 2007 published by American Magazine at http://www.american.com/archive/2007/july-august-magazine-contents/how-business-can-fix-k201312-education .

The Truth About America’s Schools” by Diane Ravitch dated July/August 2007 published by American Magazine at http://www.american.com/archive/2007/july-august-magazine-contents/question-answer-the-truth-about-americas-schools .

Wages of War: Academy Exposed” by David French dated July 30, 2007 published by New York Post at http://www.nypost.com/php/pfriendly/print.php?url=http://www.nypost.com/seven/07302007/postopinion/opedcolumnists/wages_of_ward__academy_exposed_opedcolumnists_david_french.htm .

Parents Job II” by Diane Ravitch dated August 1, 2007 published by New York Sun at http://www.nysun.com/article/59559 .

Held Back” by Frederick M. Hess and Chester E. Finn Jr. dated August 1, 2007 published by American Enterprise Institute at http://www.aei.org/publications/filter.all,pubID.26588/pub_detail.asp .

The NEA lists its goals and the Democratic Party agrees” by Phyllis Schlafly dated August 20, 2007 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/PhyllisSchlafly/2007/08/20/the_nea_lists_its_goals_and_the_democratic_party_agrees .

Multiculturalism’s War on Education” by Elan Journo dated August 27, 2007 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemagazine.com/Articles/Read.aspx?GUID=E953C5F9-D239-4729-9E19-896F82D967DE .

Can This Law Be Fixed?” by Frederick M. Hess and Chester E. Finn Jr. dated August 29, 2007 published by American Enterprise Institute at http://www.aei.org/publications/pubID.26716,filter.all/pub_detail.asp .

End It, Don’t Mend It” by Neal McCluskey and Andrew J. Coulson dated September 5, 2007 published by CATO Institute at http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=8680 .

The Professors” by David Horowitz dated September 12, 2007 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemagazine.com/Articles/Read.aspx?GUID=00227F92-14EA-4714-BA53-75A81E54A280 .

The Silent Crisis of American Higher Education” by Matthew Ladner dated September 26, 2007 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/DrMatthewLadner/2007/09/26/the_silent_crisis_of_american_higher_education .

Cash Cow Stampede: Colleges of Education Not Up to Snuff” by Matthew Ladner dated October 30, 2007 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/DrMatthewLadner/2007/10/30/cash_cow_stampede_colleges_of_education_not_up_to_snuff .

Failing Grade” by James David Dickson dated November 1, 2007 published by The American Spectator at http://www.spectator.org/dsp_article.asp?art_id=12248 .

’No Child Left Behind’ Should be Left Behind” by Paul Weyrich dated November 15, 2007 published by News Max at http://www.newsmax.com/weyrich/no_child_left_behind/2007/11/15/49695.html .

The Public Education Tax Credit” by Adam B. Schaeffer dated December 5, 2007 published by The CATO Institute at http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=8812 .

American Education Fails Because It Isn’t Education” by Tom DeWeese dated December 7, 2007 published by American Daily at http://www.americandaily.com/article/21171 .

Getting Past ‘No Child’” by George Will dated December 9, 2007 published by Real Clear Politics at http://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2007/12/getting_past_no_child.html .

Taking Sides on Title VI” by Stanley Kurtz dated December 12, 2007 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=NzI2ZTJjZjk4MjZkZDMwMDhlOWZiMWMzNDZhZTgyZTg= .

“Business Goes to School” by Frederick M. Hess dated December 12, 2007 published by American Enterprise Institute at http://www.aei.org/publications/pubID.27221,filter.all/pub_detail.asp .

The Liberal Skew in Higher Education” by Gary Becker and Richard Posner dated December 30, 2007 published by Beck Posner Blog at http://www.becker-posner-blog.com/ .

The Politics of Knowledge” by Frederick M. Hess dated January 10, 2008 published by American Enterprise Institute at http://www.aei.org/publications/pubID.27341,filter.all/pub_detail.asp .

Get the Feds Out of Our Schools!” by Alan Caruba dated January 20, 2008 published by American Daily at http://www.americandaily.com/article/21546 .

Is School Choice Enough?” by Sol Stern dated January 30, 2008 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemagazine.com/Articles/Read.aspx?GUID=9006FADB-EE87-48D3-B811-89061A78D06C .

Look to Sweden?” by Henry Olsen dated February 26, 2008 published by The American at http://www.american.com/archive/2008/february-02-08/look-to-sweden .

How about some campaign talk about education” by Star Parker dated March 3, 2008 published by Town Hall at http://www.townhall.com/columnists/StarParker/2008/03/03/how_about_some_campaign_talk_about_education .

Home Schooling Poses a Threat to The State” by Thomas E. Brewton dated March 10, 2008 published by Intellectual Conservative at http://www.intellectualconservative.com/2008/03/10/home-schooling-poses-a-threat-to-the-state/ .

Six Degrees of Preparation” by Adam Creighton dated March 24, 2008 published by The American Spectator at http://www.spectator.org/dsp_article.asp?art_id=12935 .

Homeschooling: A Growing Option in American Education” by Dan Lips and Evan Feinberg dated April 3, 2008 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Education/bg2122.cfm .

Segregate This” by Liam Julian dated April 15, 2008 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=YjY1NTk2NDllZDcwOTZlMzUxMjFkYmRlYWRhMmQyNDM= .

A Nation Still at Risk: The Case for Federalism and School Choice” by Dan Lips dated April 21, 2008 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Education/bg2125.cfm .

Education Lessons We Left Behind” by George F. Will dated April 24, 2008 published by Washington Post at http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/04/23/AR2008042302983.html?hpid=opinionsbox1 .

“Twenty-Five Years Later, A Nation Still at Risk” by Chester E. Finn Jr. dated April 26, 2008 published by The Wall Street Journal at http://online.wsj.com/article/SB120916804732546311.html?mod=opinion_main_commentaries .

Few States Set World-Class Standards” by Paul E. Peterson and Frederick M. Hess dated Summer 2008 published by Hoover Institution at http://www.hoover.org/publications/ednext/18845034.html .

For Most People, College Is a Waste of Time” by Charles Murray dated August 13, 2008 published by The Wall Street Journal at http://online.wsj.com/article/SB121858688764535107.html?mod=opinion_main_commentaries .

America’s Most Overrated Product: Higher Education” by Marty Nemko dated August 27, 2008 published by Marty Nemko at http://www.martynemko.com/articles/americas-most-overrated-product-higher-education_id1539 .

Some Empirically Proven Value in School Choice” by Paul Weyrich dated September 5, 2008 published by Town Hall at http://townhall.com/columnists/PaulWeyrich/2008/09/05/some_empirically_proven_value_in_school_choice .

USA: We’re Number 20!” by Michael J. Petrilli and Amber Winkler dated September 8, 2008 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=Yjk4OGY5OGZlZDRiNjQ0OGU4MTliN2NkMDg1N2M0NzA= .

Are Too Many People Going to College?” by Charles Murray dated September 8, 2008 published by The American Magazine at http://www.american.com/archive/2008/september-october-magazine/are-too-many-people-going-to-college .

Teachers Matter” by Marcus A. Winters dated September 9, 2008 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/?q=NmZiMGYxZGE5YTM3MjhjODIxNWUzOThhOTFmODgzZjc= .

Market vs. Monopolies in Education” by Andrew J. Coulson dated September 10, 2008 published by CATO Institute at http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=9634 .

Real Educational Equality for Black Students” by David Whitman dated October 28, 2008 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemagazine.com/Articles/Read.aspx?GUID=A23664C3-FB1C-4F13-A8DC-C00776901A25 .

The Costs of Failure in American Higher Education” by Mark Schneider dated October 30, 2008 published by American Enterprise Institute at http://www.aei.org/publications/pubID.28863,filter.all/pub_detail.asp .

The New Stupid” by Frederick M. Hess dated November 21, 2008 published by American Enterprise Institute at http://www.aei.org/publications/pubID.28972,filter.all/pub_detail.asp .

Why LBJ Is Smiling” by Frederick M. Hess dated December 11, 2008 published by American Enterprise Institute at http://www.aei.org/publications/pubID.29057,filter.all/pub_detail.asp .

Homeschooling 2.0” by Milton Gaither dated December 22, 2008 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/Read.aspx?GUID=9429BBA1-A892-43A9-AFB6-7202BC03251B .

Should the Obama Generation Drop Out?” by Charles Murray dated December 28, 2008 published by The New York Times at http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/28/opinion/28murray.html .

College Of (Social) Change” dated March 12, 2009 published by Investor’s Business Daily at http://www.ibdeditorials.com/IBDArticles.aspx?id=321748122360339 .

Leave it to educators” by Jed Gladstein dated March 28, 2009 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2009/03/leave_it_to_the_educators.html .

The SAT and Its Enemies” by Andrew Ferguson dated May 4, 2009 published by The Weekly Standard at http://www.weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/016/429fmcim.asp .

Stimulating Excellence” by Frederick M. Hess dated May 5, 2009 published by American Enterprise Institute at http://www.aei.org/publications/filter.all,pubID.29820/pub_detail.asp .

Does Universal Preschool Improve Learning? Lessons from Georgia and Oklahoma” by Lindsey Burke dated May 14, 2009 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Education/bg2272.cfm .

Rising Above I.Q.” by Nicholas D. Kristof dated June 7, 2009 published by The New York Times at http://www.nytimes.com/2009/06/07/opinion/07kristof.html?ref=opinion .

Why Aren’t Arizona high schools teaching civics?” by Matthew Ladner dated July 1, 2009 published by American Daily at http://americandaily.com/index.php/article/1710 .

More Government Preschool: An Expensive and Unnecessary Middle-Class Subsidy” by Lindsey M. Burke dated March 2, 2010 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Education/bg2378.cfm .

Proven Policies to Fix Failing Schools” by Lisa Snell dated March 15, 2010 published by Reason Magazine at http://reason.com/archives/2010/03/15/proven-policies-to-fix-failing .

Obama to Take Over Control of College Textbooks” by Warner Todd Huston dated March 30, 2010 published by Big Government at http://biggovernment.com/wthuston/2010/03/30/obama-to-take-over-control-of-college-textbooks/ .

Obama’s Student Loan Takeover Adds 52 Billion to Deficit Account According to ‘Fair Value” Accounting Says CBO” by Edwin Mora dated March 31, 2010 published by Cybercast News Service at http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/63560 .

Why National Education Standards Won’t Fix American Education: Misalignment of Power and Incentives” by Lindsey M. Burke and Jennifer A. Marshall dated May 21, 2010 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Reports/2010/05/Why-National-Standards-Won-t-Fix-American-Education-Misalignment-of-Power-and-Incentives .

Creating a Crisis: Schools Gain Staff, Not Educational Achievement” by Lindsey Burke dated May 26, 2010 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Reports/2010/05/Creating-a-Crisis-Schools-Gain-Staff-Not-Educational-Achievement .

Wanting to Abolish the Department of Education Is Not Radical” by Mona Charon dated June 11, 2010 published by National Review Online at http://article.nationalreview.com/436055/wanting-to-abolish-the-department-of-education-is-not-radical/mona-charen .

Department of Education Proposed Spending Cuts” by Chris Edwards dated May 2010 published by Downsizing Government at http://www.downsizinggovernment.org/education/spending-cuts .

Embracing Systemic Reform” by Heather Zavadsky dated July 19, 2010 published by American Enterprise Institute at http://www.aei.org/outlook/100974 .

Education Reform” dated August 17, 2010 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Reports/2010/08/Education-Reform .

Fourteen Ways to Reduce Government Spending” by Grover Norquist dated August 18, 2010 published by Americans for Tax Reform at http://www.atr.org/files/files/081810pr_14_Specific_Spending_Reduction_Ideas%281%29.pdf .

Grading Teachers in Los Angeles” by Marcus A. Winters dated August 26, 2010 published by City Journal at http://www.city-journal.org/2010/eon0826mw.html .

The Schools Scandal” by Bill Costello dated September 6, 2010 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2010/09/the_schools_scandal.html .

Does School Choice ‘Work’” by Frederick M. Hess dated Fall 2010 published by National Affairs at http://nationalaffairs.com/publications/detail/does-school-choice-work .

Spending Less for Better Education” by Robert Weissberg dated November 10, 2010 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2010/11/spending_less_for_better_educa.html .

Needed Reforms for Public Higher Education in Texas (and Elsewhere)” by Publius Audax dated December 11, 2010 published by Pajamas Media at http://pajamasmedia.com/blog/needed-reforms-for-public-higher-education-in-texas-and-elsewhere/ .

Who Owns the Future?” by Pat Buchanan dated December 28, 2010 published by Town Hall at http://townhall.com/columnists/PatBuchanan/2010/12/28/who_owns_the_future .

“Sen. Paul Proposes Serious Cuts” by Chris Edwards dated January 31, 2011 published by Cato Institute at http://www.downsizinggovernment.org/sen-rand-paul-proposes-serious-cuts .

Head Start Racked by Failure and Fraud” by John Gizzi dated March 16, 2011 published by Human Events at http://www.humanevents.com/article.php?id=42323 .

Education Reformation – returning excellence to teaching our children by David Coughlin dated July 14, 2011 published by Canada Free Press at http://www.canadafreepress.com/index.php/article/38443   

School Choice in America 2011: Educational Opportunity Reaches New Heights” by Lindsey M. Burke and Rachel Sheffield dated August 17, 2011 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Reports/2011/08/School-Choice-in-America-2011-Educational-Opportunity-Reaches-New-Heights .

The Superiority of School Vouchers Demonstrated” by Gary Jason dated August 21, 2011 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2011/08/another_look_at_the_superiority_of_school_vouchers.html .

“Grade Inflation for Education Majors and Low Standards for Teachers” by Cory Coedel dated August 22, 2011 published by American Enterprise Institute at http://www.aei.org/outlook/101072 .

A federal takeover of education” by George F. Will dated September 30, 2011 published by The Washington Post at http://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/a-federal-takeover-of-education/2011/09/30/gIQAdKYBBL_story.html .

Mickey D’s in Education” by Gary Jason dated October 1, 2011 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2011/10/mickey_ds_in_education.html .

Education Savings Accounts: A Promising Way Forward on School Choice” by Lindsey Burke dated October 4, 2011 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Reports/2011/10/Education-Savings-Accounts-A-Way-Forward-on-School-Choice .

Rethinking the Teacher Quality Challenge” by Frederick M. Hess dated October 11, 2011 published by American Enterprise Institute at http://www.aei.org/docLib/Hess-Oct11.pdf .

School Reform is Making Advances Across America” by Gary Jason dated November 9, 2011 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2011/11/school_reform_is_making_advances_across_america.html .

Prioritizing Teaching Quality in a New System of Teacher Evaluation” by Heather Hill and Corinne Herlihy dated November 9, 2011 published by American Enterprise Institute at http://www.aei.org/outlook/101089 .

Charter Schools Beat the Daylights Out of Public Schools” by Gary Jason dated January 18, 2012 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2012/01/confirmed_charter_schools_beat_the_daylights_out_of_public_schools.html .

Crony College Capitalism, Chicago-Style” by Gary Jason dated January 25, 2012 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2012/01/crony_college_capitalism_chicago-style.html .

Do We Need the Department of Education?” by Charles Murray dated January 2012 published by Imprimus at http://www.hillsdale.edu/news/imprimis/archive/issue.asp?year=2012&month=01 .

Head Start: Can a Failed Program Ever Be Killed?” by Charles N.W. Keckler and Ryan L. Cole dated February 2, 2012 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2012/02/head_start_can_a_failed_program_ever_be_killed.html .

Let a Thousand Teachers Bloom” by Marcus A. Winters dated March 19, 2012 published by The Weekly Standard at http://www.weeklystandard.com/articles/let-thousand-teachers-bloom_633428.html .

States Must Reject National Education Standards While There Is Still Time” by Lindsey M. Burke dated April 16, 2012 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2012/04/states-must-reject-national-education-standards-while-there-is-still-time .

Dreaming Up a New America: Progressive Education and the Perversion of American Education” by L.E. Ikenga dated September 3, 2012 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2012/09/dreaming_up_a_new_america_progressive_education_and_the_perversion_of_american_democracy.html .

Common Core Standards’ Devastating Impact on Literary Study and Analytical Thinking” by Sandra Stotsky dated December 11, 2012 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2012/12/questionable-quality-of-the-common-core-english-language-arts-standards .

The $10,000 Degree” by Katrina Trinko dated December 13, 2012 published by National Review Online at http://www.nationalreview.com/articles/335522/10000-degree-katrina-trinko .

Education Enters the Twilight Zone” by Bruce Deitrick Price dated January 12, 2013 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2013/01/education_enters_the_twilight_zone.html .

David Coleman, Education Hero” by Bernie Reeves dated January 14, 2013 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2013/01/david_coleman_education_hero.html .

School choice: Spreading like a prairie fire” by Thomas Landstreet dated January 28, 2013 published by The Daily Caller at http://dailycaller.com/2013/01/28/school-choice-spreading-like-a-prairie-fire/ .

John Dewey: Bosom Serpent of American Education” by Kelly O’Connell dated February 24, 2013 published by Canada Free Press at http://www.canadafreepress.com/index.php/article/53339 .

Abolish the Department of Education” by Jeffrey Lord dated February 26, 2013 published by The American Spectator at http://spectator.org/archives/2013/02/26/abolish-the-department-of-educ .

In Defense of the Parent Trigger” by Joy Pullmann dated March 6, 2013 published by The Daily Caller at http://dailycaller.com/2013/03/06/in-defense-of-the-parent-trigger/ .

Common Core: Nationalized State-Run Education” by Dean Kalahar dated April 12, 2013 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2013/04/common_core_nationalized_state-run_education.html .

Expanding Education Choices: From Vouchers and Tex Credits to Savings Accounts” by Jonathan Butcher and Lindsey M. Burke dated July 26, 2013 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2013/07/expanding-education-choices-from-vouchers-and-tax-credits-to-savings-accounts?ac=1 .

Leading from Behind in Urban Education” by L.E. Ikenga dated September 2, 2013 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2013/09/leading_from_behind_in_urban_education.html .

Common Core Would Make Any Communist Regime Proud” by Gina Miller dated October 22, 2013 published by American Clarion at http://www.americanclarion.com/25244/2013/10/22/common-core-would-make-any-communist-regime-proud/ .

The college-for-all model isn’t working” by Tamar Jacoby dated December 3, 2013 published by LA Times at http://www.latimes.com/opinion/commentary/la-oe-jacoby-college-vocational-training-cte-20131203,0,7927246.story#axzz2mP2kvQGq .

10 Programs to Eliminate in the January 2014 Spending Bill and Save $10.2 Billion” by Romina Boccia dated January 3, 2014 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2014/01/10-programs-to-eliminate-in-the-january-2014-spending-billand-save-102-billion .

Nuances of school choice” by Michael Q. McShane dated January 27, 2014 published by American Enterprise Institute at http://www.aei.org/article/education/k-12/school-choice/nuances-of-school-choice/ .

Common Core – Pivotal or Pyrrhic?” by Brad Lyles dated March 11, 2014 published by Canada Free Press at http://canadafreepress.com/index.php/article/61683 .

“Pre-K: Not So ‘Empirically Validated’” by Neal McCluskey dated March 21, 2014 published by Real Clear Policy at http://www.realclearpolicy.com/blog/2014/03/21/pre-k_not_so_empirically_validated_883.html .

Obama’s Wage Gap Myth” by Arnold Ahlert dated April 2, 2014 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemag.com/2014/arnold-ahlert/obamas-wage-gap-myth/ .

Education Savings Accounts Enabling Customized Learning” by Brittany Corona dated August 28, 2014 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://dailysignal.com/2014/08/28/education-savings-accounts-enabling-customized-learning/ .

 

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