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Homeland Security

Return to Common Sense

August 22, 2014

Section: Domestic – Homeland Security

Homeland Security has become an unwieldy government amalgam, and still appears to be in react mode, without a clear sense of priorities, driven more by political considerations than security

Distrust and caution are the parents of security.” Benjamin Franklin.

 

Philosophy (Background, Issues, Objectives):

Constitution Preamble identifies a key role of Federal government to “…provide for common defense…”

Department of Homeland Security (DHS) formed in 2002 to lead the unified national effort to secure America.

DHS has set strategic goals for fulfilling its mission.

·         Identify and understand threats, assess vulnerabilities, determine potential impacts and disseminate timely information to our homeland security partners and the American public.  

·         Detect, deter and mitigate threats to our homeland.

·         Safeguard our people and their freedoms, critical infrastructure, property and the economy of our Nation from acts of terrorism, natural disasters, or other emergencies.

·         Lead, manage and coordinate the national response to acts of terrorism, natural disasters, or other emergencies.

·         Lead national, state, local and private sector efforts to restore services and rebuild communities after acts of terrorism, natural disasters, or other emergencies.

o   Federal Emergency Management Agency was ill prepared to respond to Hurricane Katrina.

·         National Infrastructure Protection Plan finalized in 2006.

o   More than one third of homeland security spending in 2006 was devoted to protecting what DHS calls “critical infrastructure and key assets.”

o   Electromagnetic pulse has the potential to destroy or significantly disrupt the infrastructure services.

Federal Emergency Management Agency’s mission is to support our citizens and first responders to ensure that as a nation we work together to build, sustain, and improve our capability to prepare for, protect against, respond to, recover from, and mitigate all hazards.

·         The 1988 Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (PL 100-707) amended the Disaster Relief Act of 1974 (PL 93-288) so the federal government pays at least 75% of disaster response so long as FEMA has issued a declaration.

·         Beginning in 1993, the federal government played an ever-increasing role in natural disasters across America, with FEMA declaring more and more “disasters.”

·         29 states send their tax money to FEMA only to end up footing the disaster response bill for the other 21 states.

·         FEMA Major Disaster Declarations have increased as states lowered their defined thresholds.

Committee on Foreign Investments in United States (CFIUS) was implemented in 1988.

Islamo-fascist attacks have continued in the U.S. since 9/11, although for PC reasons, not labeled.

·         October 2002John Allen Muhammad, an American Muslim, was one of the Washington beltway snipers who killed 20.

·         July 2006Naveed Haq, an Afghani Muslim gunman, killed one and injured five others at Seattle Jewish Federation.

United States has disrupted over sixty serious terrorist plots since September 11th, and over forty of these plots were home-grown, planned by American citizens, legal permanent residents, or visitors radicalized predominately in the U.S.:

A Muslim Brotherhood document, titled "The Rulers," was seized in a 2004 raid and describes how the organization will try to overthrow the U.S. Constitution in five phases:

·         "The Rulers" makes plain that all the above-mentioned phases "are preliminary steps to reach the (fifth) phase."

Muslim front groups have been created to defend Islamo-fascists in the media and raise money.

Islamic Society of North America (ISNA), the North American Islamic Trust (NAIT) and the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) were blacklisted by the Justice Department as unindicted co-conspirators in the 2008 Holy Land Foundation terror trial.

Many American Muslims consider themselves Muslims first; citizens of America second.

o   Physical Jihad is a part of Sharia law.

o   Even when Muslims can't fight in the name of Islam, they must support the Mujahadeen (fighters) financially or at the very least in their heart.

o   Justice department has identified 35 terrorist training compounds in the United States.

o   One in four younger Muslims find suicide bombings in defense of Islam acceptable.

o   Just travel 150 mile northwest of New York City to the woods of the western Catskills, and you will find Islamberg, a private Muslim community founded in 1980 by Sheikh Syed Mubarik Ali Shah Gilani.

o   Islamberg is only one of twenty to thirty Muslim-only communities and training compounds that the Pakistani Jamaat al-Fuqra group supports through Muslim affiliates in America.  

o   Jamaat ul-Fuqra is operating 35 terror training sites in Alabama, Georgia, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York, California, Washington, Colorado, Michigan, and Illinois, as well as Canada, Venezuela, and Trinidad.

On September 10, 2010, the Center for Security Policy published “An Exercise in Competitive Analysis: Report of Team ‘B’ II” which analyzed shariah as an enemy threat:

 

Principles:

Homeland Security is not a partisan issue.

Homeland Security must be based on three core principles:

Preemptive attack avoidance is always better than attack reaction.

Homeland Security investments can be “principled:”

 

Recommendations:

Short Term, Reform Congressional oversight of the DHS into four standing homeland security committees to reduce oversight burden (vs. 108 committees and subcommittees).

Prioritize investments in homeland security based on a realistic threat assessment.

o   Require DHS to use risk and Target Capabilities List capability gaps to allocate funds; and

o   Limit the number of urban areas eligible to the 35 highest risk cities in any given fiscal year for the UASI grant program, and use cooperative agreements instead of grants.

Publish an annual scorecard on Transportation Security Administration (TSA) performance.

Separate FEMA from Homeland Security to handle national catastrophes, not routine emergencies.

o   Establish clear requirements, such as international disaster scales, to limit the situations in which federal emergency declarations can be issued.

o   Eliminate entirely certain types of disasters from FEMA’s portfolio.

o   Reduce the cost-share provision for all FEMA declarations to no more than 25% of the costs to ensure that at least 75% of the costs of a disaster are borne by the taxpayers living where the disaster took place.

·         Implement a decentralized approach to preparedness adhering to baseline preparedness standards but operating under grassroots structure tasked with on-the-ground implementation of disaster response efforts.

o   Demand that state and local governments pay greater attention to mitigating disaster risks and bear the consequences of responding to disasters exacerbated by poor policies.

Fund information technology investments to enable more efficient and effective operations.   

·         Develop “Terrorstat” program to gather and analyze all useful threat information.

·         Develop “Borderstat” program to consolidate all illegal border crossing and capture information.

·         Develop “Readystat” program to measure localities preparedness against risks.

·         Implement “Secure Flight” program to flag suspicious passengers for additional screening.

·         Implement Incident Command System (ICS) to standardize emergency protocol to reduce potential miscommunications during initial phases of incident response.

·         Accelerate the implementation of Real ID.

·         Implement “Trusted Traveler” program.

Eliminate most homeland security grants to states and allow states to finance their own programs.

Transfer the Coast Guard mission to the Department of Defense.

Long Term, Reorganize Homeland Security to report to the Department of Defense.

Privatize airport screening function transferring the responsibility to each airport (reduces budget by $23.8B annually)

 

References:

How the Left Undermined America’s Security Before 9/11” by David Horowitz, dated March 24, 2004, published on Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=15021 .

Port Security and Foreign-Owned Maritime Infrastructure” by James Jay Carafano, dated March 9, 2006, published by the Heritage Foundation on http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandDefense/tst030606a.cfm .

Port Security and Port Sales: An Action Plan for Congress” by James Jay Carafano, dated March 13, 2006, published by the Heritage Foundation on http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandDefense/wm1013.cfm .

America Needs a Security Strategy for Safer Skies” by James Jay Carafano, dated March 21, 2006, published by the Heritage Foundation on http://www.heritage.org/Research/NationalSecurity/em996.cfm .

The Need for CFIUS Reform to Address Homeland Security Concerns” by Daniella Markheim, dated May 24, 2006, published by the Heritage Foundation on http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandDefense/hl944.cfm .

Learning Katrina’s Lessons: Coast Guard Modernization Is a Must” by James Jay Carafano and Laura P. Keith, dated July 7, 2006, published by the Heritage Foundation on http://www.heritage.org/Research/NationalSecurity/bg1950.cfm .

Coast Guard Modernization is Integral to the Success of the Secure Border Initiative” by James Jay Carafano and Laura P. Keith, dated August 7, 2006, published by the Heritage Foundation on http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandDefense/em1009.cfm .

Container Security at U.S. Ports” dated November 27, 2006, published on The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandDefense/wm1260.cfm .

Five serious counter-terror ideas for Dems” by Richard A. Clarke and Rob Knake, dated December 13, 2006, published in New York Daily News at http://www.nydailynews.com/news/ideas_opinions/story/479552p-403480c.html .

Homeland Security Spending for the Long War” by James Jay Carafano, dated January 30, 2007, published on The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandDefense/hl989.cfm .

The DHS Budget for FY2008: Time for a Comprehensive Approach to Homeland Security” by Mackenzie M. Eaglen, dated March 8, 2007, published on The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandDefense/bg2013.cfm .

Thinking for the Long War: Strategic Planning and Review for the Department of Homeland Security” by James Jay Carafano, dated March 21, 2007, published on The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandSecurity/tst032107a.cfm .

Improving Emergency Communications: Lessons from Grading America’s Cities” by James Jay Carafano and Richard Weitz, dated March 29, 2007, published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandDefense/bg2021.cfm .

Stopping Surprise Attacks: Thinking Smarter about Homeland Security” by James Jay Carafano, Frank J. Cilluffo, Richard Weitz, and Jan Lane, dated April 23, 2007, published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandDefense/bg2026.cfm .

FEMA and Federalism: Washington is Moving in the Wrong Direction” by James Jay Carafano and Matt A. Mayer, dated May 8, 2007, published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandDefense/bg2032.cfm .

National Disaster Planning Slowed by Inadequate Interagency Process” by Matt A. Mayer and James Jay Carafano, dated October 24, 2007, published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandDefense/bg2079.cfm .

Grassroots Disaster Response: Harnessing the Capabilities of Communities” by James Jay Carafano, Jennifer A. Marshall, and Lauren Calco Hammond, dated December 28, 2007, published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/NationalSecurity/bg2094.cfm .

The Resilient Society” by Rudolph W. Giuliani, dated December 31, 2007, published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemagazine.com/Articles/Read.aspx?GUID=52B0F647-57D6-46CE-8489-4C38AD40B725 .

Next Steps for Homeland Security” by James Jay Carafano dated April 9, 2008 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandSecurity/tst040908a.cfm .

The Local Role in Disaster Response: Lessons from Katrina and the California Wildfires” by Matt A. Mayer, Richard Weitz, and Diem Nguyen dated June 2, 2008 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandDefense/bg2141.cfm .

Beltway-Centric Approach to Disaster Response Is a Recipe for Disaster” by Jena Baker McNeill dated June 18, 2008 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandSecurity/wm1960.cfm .

Risk and Resiliency: Developing the Right Homeland Security Public Policies for the Post-Bush Era” by James Jay Carafano dated June 25, 2008 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandSecurity/tst062408a.cfm .

Congress Should Reassess the Allocation of Homeland Security Grants” by Matt A. Mayer dated August 6, 2008 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandSecurity/wm2011.cfm .

As Gustav Lands, There Are Lessons to be Learned” by James Jay Carafano dated September 1, 2008 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandSecurity/wm2041.cfm .

Invisible Nuclear Threat” by William Graham dated September 3, 2008 published by Front Page Magazine at http://www.frontpagemagazine.com/Articles/Read.aspx?GUID=35A6E9BA-1F49-474A-B340-708E570B1373 .

Building Infrastructure Resiliency: Private Sector Investment in Homeland Security” by Jena Baker McNeill dated September 23, 2008 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandDefense/bg2184.cfm .

Man-Made Disaster” by Jeffrey Rosen dated December 24, 2008 published by The New Republic at http://www.tnr.com/politics/story.html?id=5248f065-cbd3-4264-ac58-cffdfd947a22 .

15 Steps to Better Border Security – Reducing America’s Southern Exposure” by Jena Baker McNeill dated March 9, 2009 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandSecurity/bg2245.cfm .

The Jihadi Virus in Our Jails” by Michelle Malkin dated May 22, 2009 published by Town Hall at http://townhall.com/columnists/MichelleMalkin/2009/05/22/the_jihadi_virus_in_our_jails .

Effective Counterterrorism State and Local Capabilities Trump Federal Policy” by Matt A. Mayer dated June 3, 2009 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandSecurity/cda0902.cfm .

States: Stop Subsidizing FEMA Waste and Manage Your own Local Disasters” by Matt A. Mayer dated September 29, 2009 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandSecurity/upload/bg_2323.pdf .

Jihad at Fort Hood” by Robert Spencer dated November 6, 2009 published by Front Page Magazine at http://frontpagemag.com/2009/11/06/jihad-at-fort-hood-by-robert-spencer/ .

After Detroit: Presidential To-Do List for Plugging Gaps in Stopping Terrorist Travel” by James Jay Carafano dated December 30, 2009 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/HomelandSecurity/wm2743.cfm .

The Real Reason They Hate Us” by Frank Gaffney dated April 9, 2010 published by Town Hall at http://townhall.com/columnists/FrankGaffney/2010/04/09/the_real_reason_they_hate_us .

Get the Government Out of Airport Screening” by Robert Poole dated April 13, 2010 published by Reason Magazine at http://reason.com/archives/2010/04/13/get-the-government-out-of-airp .

What Comes After Quadrennial Homeland Security Review?” by James Carafano dated April 29, 2010 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Testimony/What-Comes-After-Quadrennial-Homeland-Security-Review .

The Federalization of Homeland Security” dated August 17, 2010 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Reports/2010/08/The-Federalization-of-Homeland-Security .

The Shariah Threat to America” by David Yerushalmi dated September 16, 2010 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2010/09/the_shariah_threat_to_america.html .

“Sen. Paul Proposes Serious Cuts” by Chris Edwards dated January 31, 2011 published by Cato Institute at http://www.downsizinggovernment.org/sen-rand-paul-proposes-serious-cuts .

Checkbook Homeland Security: Highlights from the FY 2012 Budget Request” by Jena Baker McNeil dated March 29, 2011 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Reports/2011/03/Checkbook-Homeland-Security-Highlights-from-the-FY-2012-Budget-Request .

Aviation Security: Policy Responses to Address Terrorism Threats” by Jena Baker McNeil dated March 30, 2011 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Testimony/2011/03/Aviation-Security-Policy-Responses-to-Address-Terrorism-Threats .

Planned Military Recruiting Center Attack: 40th Terror Plot Against the United States” by Jena Baker McNeill and Jessica Zuckerman dated June 28, 2011 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/Research/Reports/2011/06/Planned-Military-Recruiting-Center-Attack-40th-Terror-Plot-Against-the-United-States-Foiled .

35 terror training camps now operating inside U.S.” dated January 2, 2012 published by World Net Daily at http://www.wnd.com/2012/01/381953/ .

Muslim Brotherhood Wants to Re-Elect Barack Hussein Obama” by Eileen F. Toplansky dated May 7, 2012 published by American Thinker at http://www.americanthinker.com/2012/05/muslim_brotherhood_wants_to_re-elect_barack_hussein_obama.html .

Congress Should Act on FEMA’s Refusal to Reform” by Matt A. Mayer dated May 18, 2012 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2012/05/fema-s-refusal-to-reform-congress-and-the-federalization-of-natural-disasters .

Thank You, Ray Kelly” by Deroy Murdock dated August 13, 2012 published by National Review Online at http://www.nationalreview.com/articles/313764/thank-you-ray-kelly-deroy-murdock .

Chicago Bombing Attempt Marks 52 Terrorist Plots Since 9/11” by Jessica Zuckerman dated September 18, 2012 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://thf_media.s3.amazonaws.com/2012/pdf/ib3731.pdf .

Fifty-Third Terror Plot Foiled Since 9/11: Bombing Targets U.S. Financial Hub” by Jessica Zuckerman dated October 17, 2012 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2012/10/terror-plot-foiled-in-new-york-bombing-targets-us-financial-hub .

60 Terrorist Plots Since 9/11: Continued Lessons in Domestic Counterterrorism” by Jessica Zuckerman, Steven P. Bucci, and James Jay Carafano dated July 22, 2013 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/research/commentary/2013/7/60-terrorist-plots-since-911-continued-lessons-in-domestic-counterterrorism .

10 Programs to Eliminate in the January 2014 Spending Bill and Save $10.2 Billion” by Romina Boccia dated January 3, 2014 published by The Heritage Foundation at http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2014/01/10-programs-to-eliminate-in-the-january-2014-spending-billand-save-102-billion .

The Jihadist Serial Killer No One’s Talking About” by Michelle Malkin dated August 22, 2014 published by Town Hall at  http://townhall.com/columnists/michellemalkin/2014/08/22/the-jihadi-serial-killer-no-ones-talking-about-n1881731 .

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